Analyzing the Distinction between Freedom of Speech and Hate Speech through Discourse Analysis: A Case Study of Holy Quran Desecration in Sweden

Authors

  • Tahmina Sardar
  • Irfan Ashraf
  • Afzala Yaseen

Keywords:

Critical Discourse Analysis, Islam phobia, History of Sweden, Newspapers

Abstract

The present research examined how Islam phobic discourse was represented freedom speech in guise of hate speech through two editorials from National and International newspapers. The purpose of the study is to investigate Sweden ideology behind the current Quran burning incident happened in Sweden. The study investigates the ideology and discursive strategies of desecration of Islam and their holy book time and again in Sweden in the light of editorials selected from Tribune Express and Associated press (USA) in order to analyze linguistic devices used for focusing the inequality on basis of religion and to identify reason of desecration of the holy book of the Muslims. The study is qualitative in nature. Data has been collected from two editorials by two national and international newspapers.This present research is based on Van Dijk’s socio cognitive approach (2002). The purpose of this approach is to analyze the written discourse in order to reveal discursive sources such as power, dominance, inequality and bias. Data was analyzed by employing VanDijk’s CDA model of media text (1993). After analysis, it was found that Islam phobic discourse was evualated by employing discursive strategies like semantic macro structure, meaning and coherence, global superstructure, ideology (social cognition and relation between discourse and society).The finding of analysis exposed that words like Islam phobic, desecration, Sweden’s baptism of fire and blasphemy were manipulated to emphasize the intensity of situation in Express Tribune and also revealed the true identity of freedom of expression technique to save the Sweden court and constitution of law by adopting U-turn of Sweden Police. These strategies help to identify the ideology of Swedish government and Sweden used baptism of fire to justify to be called freedom speech in guise of hate speech.

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Published

2023-12-22

How to Cite

Tahmina Sardar, Irfan Ashraf, & Afzala Yaseen. (2023). Analyzing the Distinction between Freedom of Speech and Hate Speech through Discourse Analysis: A Case Study of Holy Quran Desecration in Sweden. Panacea Journal of Linguistics & Literature, 2(2), 196–207. Retrieved from https://journals.airsd.org/index.php/pjll/article/view/308

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