Panacea Journal of Linguistics & Literature https://journals.airsd.org/index.php/pjll <p><strong>Focus and Scope</strong></p> <p>Panacea Journal of Linguistics and Literature (PJLL) is an international peer-reviewed journal that publishes original and high-quality research papers in all areas of linguistics and literature. As an important academic exchange platform, scientists and researchers can know the most up-to-date academic trends and seek valuable primary sources for reference.</p> <p><strong>The journal includes, but is not limited to the following fields:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Theoretical linguistics (cognitive linguistics, generative linguistics, functional theories of grammar, quantitative linguistics, phonology, quantitative linguistics, phonology, morphology – syntax, lexis, semantics, pragmatics);</li> <li>Descriptive linguistics (anthropological linguistics, comparative linguistics, historical linguistics, phonetics, etymology, sociolinguistics);</li> <li>Applied linguistics (computational linguistics, evolutionary linguistics, forensic linguistics, internet linguistics, language acquisition and assessment, language documentation, revitalization, development and education, linguistic anthropology, neurolinguistics, psycholinguistics, second-language acquisition);</li> <li>Literature theory, literary movements, literary evolution;</li> <li>Forms of literature, literary genre, oral and written literary genres;</li> <li>Literature by period: ancient literature, early medieval and medieval literature, renaissance literature, early modern and modern literature, comparative literature studies</li> <li>Literature concepts, literary critics, and literary criticism;</li> <li>Literature creation, authors, writers, editing, publishing, and literature distribution;</li> <li>History of literature, literature movements, biographies</li> <li>Discourse Analysis</li> <li>African Literature</li> <li>American Literature</li> <li>English Literature</li> <li>South Asian Literature</li> <li>ELT</li> <li>TESOL</li> </ul> Ali Institute of Research and Skill Development (AIRSD) en-US Panacea Journal of Linguistics & Literature Cognitive Stylistic Analysis of Kamila Shamsie’s Short Story the Walk https://journals.airsd.org/index.php/pjll/article/view/133 <p>This research is concerned with the application of two key approaches of cognitive stylistics i.e. Schema theory and Text World Theory approach to Kamila Shamsie‟s short story The Walk (2020). The role of cognitive analysis in interpretation of the text is manifold as it reveals how a creator of the text takes care of the text at discourse level and at text-world. Exposing himself or herself to the audience, the author conveys the message and the reader decode the embedded message conveyed through the specific text. Thus constructing textual meanings not simply requires further elaborations but needs reader‟s „mental space‟ involvement in the process of creating the Text world. Text world theory aims to clear the distance laid between the reader and author. The „reading experience‟ involves the focus of cognitive stylistics as what happens when this action of reading the text happen and also how this action shape the construction of meaning and interpretation of text (cf. e.g., Ibrahim, 2014; Stockwell, 2015).” “Text World Theory (Werth, 1999; Gavins, 2007; Whiteley, 2011) has given us answers to the questions as how and why readers construct meanings while performing the act of reading (Patricia Canning). Where on one hand the Text-World theory tells us how meanings and interpretations are constructed, on the other hand the Schema theory helps us to understand how coherence is achieved by connecting the vacant dots created by the author and solved by the reader.</p> Abdul Qadus Copyright (c) 2022 Panacea Journal of Linguistics & Literature (PJLL) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-01-24 2023-01-24 1 1 1 11 n Exploration of Figures of Speech in Alamgir Hashmi’s Poem Singing on in the Old Culture; Or the Poem as a Foundling https://journals.airsd.org/index.php/pjll/article/view/134 <p>The present research contemplates to analyze the stylistic qualities of a poem Singing on in the Old Culture; Or Poem as a Foundling written by Aurangzeb Alamgir Hashmi. The poem has many connotations which are analyzed via distinctive tools of analysis. This research article is an attempt to evaluate the poem with its focus on the figures of speech. All the literary devices lead to the elucidation of the theme. This scrutiny endeavors to help the readers in the better understanding of the theme, reflected in the poem. The findings of this research set straight to the conclusion that the poem has employed figures of speech such as alliteration, symbolism, rhetorical questions and metaphor along strong imagery to address his concerns about the condition of the people of Pakistan and India during the British Colonialism.</p> Furqan Ahmed Copyright (c) 2022 Panacea Journal of Linguistics & Literature (PJLL) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-01-24 2023-01-24 1 1 12 21 Comparative Formalistic Analysis of Daud Kamal and Emily Dickinson’s Selected Poems https://journals.airsd.org/index.php/pjll/article/view/135 <p>From the perspective of formalist critics, form is important and content is secondary. Unlike the traditional criticism of literature, formalism focuses on form of a given text and endeavours to dissect meanings and theme. The current research work is focused on comparative formalist analysis of Daud Kamal’s poem Ode to Death and Emily Dickinson’s poem I heard a fly Buzz-when I died. These poems are taken for formalistic analysis because these are one of the best poems written by poets in terms of their style, diction and themes. Furthermore, this study investigates literary devices that are used in the selected poems. The study utilizes qualitative approach by using a textual analysis.</p> Rabia Khaliq Copyright (c) 2022 Panacea Journal of Linguistics & Literature (PJLL) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-01-24 2023-01-24 1 1 22 31 A Feminist Stylistic Analysis of Aysha Baqir’s Beyond the Fields https://journals.airsd.org/index.php/pjll/article/view/136 <p>Women have been the victim of gender stereotyping and gender discrimination since decades. They are fighting to have the recognition of their worthy identity under the movement of feminism across the globe. The present study has the motive to highlight this issue through the stylistic analysis of the novel, Beyond The Fields by Aysha Baqir. Feminism and Stylistics are two different fields but the term was coined by Sara Mills in her book feministic stylistics. Sara Mills’s model of three level analysis has been applied to portray and reflect the gender stereotyping present in typical Pakistani society. The application is done at word level, phrase and sentence level and discourse level respectively. The analysis reveals that gender stereotyping is present in typical mindset of rural community. For this stereotyping, sexism is adopted towards the female gender and the model analyses this through the structure of linguistic patterns. The study opens the minds towards certain enlightment to break the manacles of gender stereotyping and gender discrimination through the mode of education to lit the dark minds.</p> Shagufta Kanwal Copyright (c) 2022 Panacea Journal of Linguistics & Literature (PJLL) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-01-24 2023-01-24 1 1 32 44 A Critique of Structural Binary Oppositions in Elif Shafak’s The Forty Rules of Love https://journals.airsd.org/index.php/pjll/article/view/137 <p>In this research researcher opt The Forty Rules of Love by Elf Shafak. This novel belongs to the genre of Sufiism. An in-depth of the novel allow researcher to find binaries out of this literary test. The researcher also seeks the meanings reflected out of these binary oppositions. In the net shell researcher explore the ideology of structuralism by Ferdinand de Saussure in the novel. The researcher by the work claim that binary oppositions are universal and they provide meaning to their structure. By the close reading of the test researcher conclude that Elf Shafak produce the binaries like east vs west, past vs present, rigidness of character vs flexibility in character and more decently love and spirituality vs materialism. By this entire analysis researcher meet the result that the novel provides to folds of life. It is what the Sufiism. Sufiism is not only associated with white cloth and beard on the face, it is concerned with the internal peace. As one show sophistication in his physical appearance similarly he must contain sophistication in his inner too. The binaries present in the construction of novel create the meaning that it is a best example Sufiism.</p> Mah Roona Shahbaz Ali Khan Copyright (c) 2022 Panacea Journal of Linguistics & Literature (PJLL) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-01-24 2023-01-24 1 1 45 52