Indus Journal of Agriculture and Biology 2024-01-29T17:49:56+00:00 Managing Editor, IJAB Open Journal Systems <p>Indus Journal of Agriculture and Biology(IJAB) is an International peer reviewed open access journal that publishes articles in the field of agro-sciences, biological, ecological and toxicological Studies, Cell biology, developmental biology, genetics, biology, Toxicology, Ecology and Environmental biology, Entomology, Biotechnology.</p> <p>IJAB is a scientific journal that provides academicians and researchers a unique platform to collect and disseminate latest research on agriculture and biological sciences. The journal focuses on improving agricultural production systems, enhancing agricultural sustainability and addressing issues of toxicology and food security whilst protecting the environment.</p> <p>AIRSD started this journal with an aim to support the wider scientific community working in the field of agriculture and associated disciplines. It looks forward to provide the academicians, researchers and future generations a forum to publish their research findings and also to open new vistas for further research. It invites full papers, short communications, reviews and editorials based on Agriculture, Biology, Bio-Sciences, Ecology, Toxicology and Environment.</p> <p>Topics covered by the Journal include but are not limited to:</p> <p><strong>Agriculture</strong></p> <p>Agronomy, Aquaculture, Crop Production, Entomology, Food science, Genetic engineering, Horticulture, Plant Breeding &amp; Genetics, Plant Pathology, Soil Science, Tissue culture.</p> <p><strong>Biological Research</strong></p> <p>Anatomy &amp; Physiology, Biotechnology, Biochemistry, Biological engineering, Biology, Biomedicine, Cancer, Cell and Molecular Biology, Cell biology, Ecology, Environmental science, Experimental Biology, Genetic engineering, Immunology, Microbiology, Toxicology, Virology, Animal Science &amp; Zoology</p> Quantifying the Impact of Varied Nitrogen Fertilizer Dosages on Maize (Zea mays L.) Crop Growth and Yield 2024-01-29T17:22:11+00:00 Syed Ishtiaq Hyder Shafiq ahmad Raiz ahmad <p>This research investigates the influence of diverse nitrogen fertilizer dosages on the growth and yield of maize (Zea mays L.). Employing nitrogen application rates of 60, 80, 100, 120, and 150 kg ha⁻¹, we conducted a comprehensive field study to quantify the impact of varying nutrient levels on key agronomic parameters. The experiment aimed to elucidate the optimal nitrogen dosage for enhancing maize crop productivity while minimizing environmental impact. Results revealed distinct responses in terms of plant height, leaf area, biomass accumulation, and grain yield across the different nitrogen treatments. Additionally, the study assessed nitrogen use efficiency and potential environmental implications associated with the varied dosages. The findings contribute valuable insights into the nuanced relationship between nitrogen fertilization and maize crop performance, providing a foundation for informed agricultural practices that balance yield optimization and sustainable resource management.</p> 2024-01-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Indus Journal of Agriculture and Biology (IJAB) Variations in Phosphorus Leaching Across Diverse Soil Textures 2024-01-29T17:25:55+00:00 Huma Aziz <p>This lysimeter study investigates the dynamics of phosphorus leaching across a spectrum of soil textures, encompassing loam, sandy, sandy loam, clay, and sandy clay. Employing a controlled experimental design, we analyzed the leaching behavior of phosphorus in these distinct soil types under controlled environmental conditions. The study aimed to discern the impact of soil texture on phosphorus mobility, with a focus on understanding the potential implications for nutrient transport and environmental sustainability. Results revealed notable variations in phosphorus leaching patterns among the different soil textures, shedding light on the complex interplay between soil composition and nutrient transport. These findings contribute valuable insights to the field of soil science, facilitating a more comprehensive understanding of phosphorus dynamics in diverse soil environments and informing sustainable agricultural practices.</p> 2024-01-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Indus Journal of Agriculture and Biology (IJAB) Unveiling the Transformative Impact of Organic Amendments on Soil Physical Properties 2024-01-29T17:31:37+00:00 Muhammad Arshad Muhammad Mansoor <p>This study investigates the transformative impact of organic amendments on critical soil physical properties through a controlled incubation study. Employing compost, peat, farm manure, crop residues, and a no-amendment treatment as distinct variables, we systematically analyze alterations in bulk density, porosity, water retention, soil strength, and texture. The incubation study, designed to simulate real-world soil conditions, provides a comprehensive understanding of how these organic amendments influence key aspects of soil structure and function over time. Our findings illuminate the nuanced dynamics between each amendment and the targeted soil physical properties, revealing potential pathways for enhancing soil resilience, nutrient availability, and water management. This research not only contributes to the scientific understanding of organic amendments' effects but also provides practical insights for sustainable agricultural practices, guiding efforts to optimize soil conditions for improved crop productivity and environmental sustainability.</p> 2024-01-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Indus Journal of Agriculture and Biology (IJAB) Optimizing Atrazine Application Rates for Efficacious Weed Control in Maize Cultivation 2024-01-29T17:42:57+00:00 Zubair Rehman Abdul Baseer khan <p>This study delves into the intricate task of optimizing atrazine application rates to achieve efficacious weed control in maize cultivation. Atrazine, a widely employed herbicide known for its effectiveness against various weed species, is a cornerstone in contemporary weed management strategies. The challenge lies in identifying the precise application rates that strike a balance between robust weed eradication and minimizing potential ecological impacts. Through meticulous field trials and systematic data analyses, this research systematically explores a range of atrazine application rates to discern their differential effects on weed populations, crop health, and overall maize productivity. The experimental design incorporates varying concentrations (0, 0.5, 1, 1.5 and 2 ml L-1) of atrazine, allowing for a comprehensive evaluation of its impact on both target weeds and the maize crop. Parameters such as weed density, species composition, crop vigor, and yield components are rigorously assessed. The study aims to elucidate the optimal atrazine application rates that maximize weed control efficacy while minimizing the risk of adverse effects on non-target organisms and environmental sustainability. The anticipated outcomes of this research hold significant implications for sustainable agriculture, providing practitioners with data-driven insights to refine atrazine application practices. By offering a nuanced understanding of the intricate relationship between atrazine dosages and weed control outcomes, this study contributes to the ongoing discourse on precision herbicide application in maize cultivation. Ultimately, the findings aim to guide farmers, agronomists, and policymakers towards more informed and sustainable weed management practices in maize crops</p> 2024-01-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Indus Journal of Agriculture and Biology (IJAB) Herbicide Strategies for Effective Weed Eradication in Maize Crop 2024-01-29T17:49:56+00:00 Rima Bibi Abdul Fateh Soomro Nisar Ahmad Soomro Khalil Ahmed Solangi <p>In this research endeavor, we delve into the intricate domain of weed management within maize crop cultivation, undertaking a systematic exploration of herbicide strategies. The study examines the efficacy of atrazine, paraquat, glyphosate, pendimethalin, and a control group, meticulously evaluating their impact on crucial parameters— specifically, weed population, plant height, grain yield, biomass yield, and straw yield. Through meticulously designed field trials and systematic analyses, the study aims to elucidate the nuanced interactions between herbicide applications and the specified parameters. The findings are anticipated to contribute valuable insights into optimizing herbicide strategies, offering practical guidance for farmers and agronomists striving to strike the delicate balance between effective weed eradication and sustainable maize crop cultivation practices.</p> 2024-01-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Indus Journal of Agriculture and Biology (IJAB)