Zakariya Journal of Social Science https://journals.airsd.org/index.php/zjss <p style="text-align: justify;">The Zakariya Journal of Social Sciences (ZJSS) publishes empirical, theoretical, conceptual and methodological papers of the highest quality on topics in the fields of education, pedagogy and all allied disciplines of social sciences. Any submission to ZJSS is expected to meet the journal requirements and focus on practicably empirical research. Typically, a paper suitable for ZJSS should attempt to replicate, create, advance, deepen, or repudiate existing published theory about professional teaching and learning and allied social sciences disciplines through conspicuous and vivid illustrations and models that can be tested through the evidence for the purpose of empirical support. ZJSS also encourages a variety of disciplinary perspectives, methods, conceptual approaches, and substantive problem areas. ZJSS at AIRSD is interested in publishing articles derived from experiential paradigm and field-based exposures along with conceptually robust theory rooted in social and cultural practices within the allied disciplines.</p> <p><strong>Scope</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The mission of establishing Zakariya Journal of Social Sciences (ZJSS) is to promote high quality international standard research in the field of Education, Law, Economics, Commerce, International Relations, Islamic Studies, Arabic Studies Political Science, Psychology, Philosophy, Anthropology, Communication Studies, Civics, Environmental Studies, Library Sciences, Public Administration, Media Studies and Sustainable Development, Women Studies, American Studies, Rural/ Urban Studies, Journalism, Peace &amp; Conflict Studies, Disaster Economics, Archeology, Anthropology, Archival Studies, Iqbal Studies/Iqbaliyat, Demographic and Population Studies, Religious Studies/Comparatives Religions, Home Economics, Mass Communication etc.</p> <p><strong>Objectives</strong></p> <ul> <li>To publish scholarly research contributions of scholars in the faculty of Social Sciences</li> <li>To help students of research in all allied disciplines across the nations to share their empirical research and findings both in qualitative and quantitative paradigm</li> <li>To produce research that can be applied in any social and education context</li> <li>To create research activities that can benefit universities and research institutes' research requirement as pre-requisites for effective ranking</li> </ul> Ali Institute of Research and Skill Development (AIRSD) en-US Zakariya Journal of Social Science 2957-4897 Sustainable urban growth from up and down? Saudi Arabia's Urban Infrastructure Revolution https://journals.airsd.org/index.php/zjss/article/view/351 <p>This study explores Saudi Arabia's Sustainable Urban Growth, focusing on the synergy between top-down government initiatives and bottom-up community engagement in the Urban Infrastructure Revolution. It lacked environmental assessment policies and strategies and had been managed through a centralized structure. There were little environmental references in urban planning papers. As a result, Saudi cities' rankings for environmental sustainability are poor. The paper analyzes key aspects such as policy formulation, community participation, technology integration, and challenges faced. By presenting case studies, it highlights the harmonious blend of top-down and bottom-up approaches as a model for achieving resilient, eco- friendly, and inclusive urban development, contributing valuable insights to the global discourse on sustainable urban growth. The study indicates that in order to provide appropriate, sustainable, institutionalized urban government, a framework of laws and administrative procedures coupled with strategic environmental assessment (SEA) must be put into place. The results may provide guidance to individuals functioning in comparable political environments, particularly in developing nations</p> Iqra Bashir Muhammad Ahsan Sajjad Zamurd Ali Copyright (c) 2023 Zakariya Journal of Social Sciences (ZJSS) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-02-15 2024-02-15 2 2 1 16 The Mediating Influence of Corporate Social Responsibility on the Relationship between COVID-19's Impact and the Performance of Nigerian Banks https://journals.airsd.org/index.php/zjss/article/view/352 <p>The study employed a descriptive research design to investigate the mediating role of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in the relationship between the impact of COVID-19 on the performance of Nigerian banks. The target population comprised the entire staff of selected banks (Zenith Bank, Guaranty Bank, First Bank, Access Bank, and United Bank) in the Ibadan metropolis, Oyo State, totalling 207 respondents as provided by their regional headquarters. The selection of banks involved a purposive random sampling method, while the sample size of 138 respondents was selected as a sample size for the study. The data analysis was performed with the aid of Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient (PPMCC) and Path Analysis- Structural Equation Modelling (PA-SEM). The results show that there is a positive relationship between COVID-19 and both banks’ performance and corporate social responsibility. This connotes that the surge of COVID-19 in Nigeria compelled banks to leverage digital age technology infrastructure, enabling the creation of opportunities. this shift also empowered consumers to conduct various banking transactions, including checking account balances and making payments through telecommunication networks. Furthermore, it was also revealed that corporate social responsibility exerts a partial mediating effect on the relationship between COVID-19 and banks' performance. This suggests that the influence of COVID-19 on banks' performance is more pronounced when CSR levels are elevated</p> O. R. Togun M.A Babatunde O.O Folajin Copyright (c) 2023 Zakariya Journal of Social Sciences (ZJSS) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-02-15 2024-02-15 2 2 17 29