Zakariya Journal of Social Science 2023-01-10T07:25:47+00:00 Muhammad Sibt e Ali Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;">The Zakariya Journal of Social Sciences (ZJSS) publishes empirical, theoretical, conceptual and methodological papers of the highest quality on topics in the fields of education, pedagogy and all allied disciplines of social sciences. Any submission to ZJSS is expected to meet the journal requirements and focus on practicably empirical research. Typically, a paper suitable for ZJSS should attempt to replicate, create, advance, deepen, or repudiate existing published theory about professional teaching and learning and allied social sciences disciplines through conspicuous and vivid illustrations and models that can be tested through the evidence for the purpose of empirical support. ZJSS also encourages a variety of disciplinary perspectives, methods, conceptual approaches, and substantive problem areas. ZJSS at AIRSD is interested in publishing articles derived from experiential paradigm and field-based exposures along with conceptually robust theory rooted in social and cultural practices within the allied disciplines.</p> <p><strong>Scope</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The mission of establishing Zakariya Journal of Social Sciences (ZJSS) is to promote high quality international standard research in the field of Education, Law, Economics, Commerce, International Relations, Islamic Studies, Arabic Studies Political Science, Psychology, Philosophy, Anthropology, Communication Studies, Civics, Environmental Studies, Library Sciences, Public Administration, Media Studies and Sustainable Development, Women Studies, American Studies, Rural/ Urban Studies, Journalism, Peace &amp; Conflict Studies, Disaster Economics, Archeology, Anthropology, Archival Studies, Iqbal Studies/Iqbaliyat, Demographic and Population Studies, Religious Studies/Comparatives Religions, Home Economics, Mass Communication etc.</p> <p><strong>Objectives</strong></p> <ul> <li>To publish scholarly research contributions of scholars in the faculty of Social Sciences</li> <li>To help students of research in all allied disciplines across the nations to share their empirical research and findings both in qualitative and quantitative paradigm</li> <li>To produce research that can be applied in any social and education context</li> <li>To create research activities that can benefit universities and research institutes' research requirement as pre-requisites for effective ranking</li> </ul> Electronic Voting and Electoral System in Nigeria: An Assessment of the 2018 Local Government Elections in Kaduna State, Nigeria 2023-01-01T10:15:30+00:00 Ebirim Samuel Iheanacho Irabor Peter Odion <p>Electronic voting is often seen as a tool for making the electoral process more efficient and for increasing trust in its management. However, the challenges are considerable. If not carefully planned and designed, e-voting may undermine the confidence in the whole electoral process. To this effect, the study, beyond the hype on electronic voting identifies the factors that necessitated the adoption of electronic voting in Nigeria. It also examines the effectiveness of electronic voting and its true impact on electoral transparency and credibility in the Nigeria electoral system. Furthermore, the study assesses the strengths and weaknesses of electronic voting in the electoral process with reference to the 2018 local government election in Kaduna State, Nigeria. Anchored on determinism theory, the study adopts descriptive research design and uses primary and secondary data sources. The primary data was sourced through an in-depth interview while, secondary data was sourced through internet and archive materials. Findings reveal that e-voting is fast, accurate, stress-free, and easy to use; nevertheless, it is highly prone to technical manipulations and human-induced errors. The study recommends that e-voting system should be adopted in Nigeria in order to foster electoral outcomes that are free, fair and credible as, this will in turn culminate into increased political participation and foster democratic growth in Nigeria. The study concludes that, there was a relative significant and positive influence of e-voting on electoral credibility all through the conduct of the 2018 Local Government elections in Kaduna State as, the party in government did not win in all the local government areas as was the norm in the previous elections where manual paper ballot system was used.</p> 2022-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Negative Psychological Impact of Social Media on Youth 2023-01-01T10:40:00+00:00 Eaman Alavi <p>Social media has made a significant role in the life of every human but the most affected and vulnerable to it is youth. As most of the time of youth has been taken up by the internet as they seem to be glued to the internet. No one can suggest time limit to them as internet is more common usage among youth. The value of anything can be considered by the purposes it serves. Social media has a vital role in the society but its negative impact on the youth cannot be denied. Excessive use of internet leads to psychological disorders among them which further affect their physical development, sexuality and identity. The use of internet and social media has isolated youth and had great impact on their nerves and brought a drastic change in the lifestyle of youth both positive and negative. In this paper we will be discussing the negative physiological impact of social media on youth. Spending more than half of the day on the social media is surely causing effect on them. Global Web Index published a report in 2018 stated that average youth spends average three hours on social media each day, according to them spending more than three hours per day leads to high risk of psychological problems.</p> 2023-01-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Zakariya Journal of Social Sciences Separation of Power: An Elusive Dream 2023-01-01T10:44:37+00:00 Ahmad Shahjahan Naeem <p>This article describes the basic doctrine of separation of power to highlight how this doctrine has evolved. Then, this article inspects whether this doctrine is practically viable or an elusive dream. To this end, this research article utilised qualitative research methodology and focuses on the nature and effectiveness of the doctrine of separation of power. The article investigates whether the separation of power is a pure or genuine concept to pinpoint its complex nature. Then, this article critically analyses the less purity in Montesquieu’s concept of separation of power. In the end, this article scrutinizes and finds the pure concept of separation of power.</p> 2023-01-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Zakariya Journal of Social Sciences Legitimacy Crises in Pakistan; A Study of Imran Khan Regime 2023-01-01T10:48:19+00:00 Javed Ali <p>Legitimacy is a public belief about the authority or government is just fair and valid accordance with established rules &amp; regulations. It has popular support to implement its binding decisions. This paper explains the legality of democratic regimes in Pakistan and explains how they come into power, why they lose public trust, and cannot complete their tenure. There are three primary factors behind the legitimacy crises of the government in Pakistan; economic &amp; political instability, rift with state’s institutions and weak government performance. Further, Foreign conspiracy, religious sentiments, corruption, unemployment also play a significant role in it. This paper has critically analyzed those factors which are leading to the legitimacy crises of the Pakistan Tahreek Insaf (PTI) government. An analytical approach has been used in the present study.</p> 2022-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Zakariya Journal of Social Sciences Locus Control and Entrepreneurial Intention among Nigerian Graduates: Mediation Analysis of Self-Efficacy and Need for Achievement 2023-01-10T07:25:47+00:00 Ladokun, I. O Sola M Oyeniyi, K. O Obi, James Nwoye <p>The study examines the mediating effects of self-efficacy (SE) and the need for achievement (NFA) on the relationship between locus of control (LC) and entrepreneurial intention (EI) among Nigerian graduates. A survey technique was used to select young graduates from Nigerian Tertiary Institutions that are on the National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) in Oyo State, Nigeria. A total of 300 copies of the structured questionnaire were administered to the respondents in the Ibadan metropolis but only 252 copies of the questionnaire were retrieved for the analysis. Data analysis was performed with the aid of Path Analysis. The results reveal that LC has a positive and significant association with SE, NFA and EI. Evidence also indicates that SE partially mediates between LC and EI. It was also found that the NFA partially mediates between LC and EI. For this reason, experiential learning should be integrated into short and long terms entrepreneurship training. This allows students to further develop their self-efficacy as entrepreneurs and motivation to perform by successfully entering the world of business. This will go a long way in reducing the dire unemployment rate in the country and promote imaginative and positive 2030 aspirations for sustainable development.</p> 2022-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Zakariya Journal of Social Sciences